The sun is the primary source of excessive ultraviolet (UV) radiation, which is the cause of most skin cancers. Immediate adverse effects of excessive exposure are sunburn and eye damage; longer effects include premature aging of the skin and skin cancer.
Skin Cancer Prevention Tips
Do Not Burn or Tan
- Avoid intentional tanning.
- Avoid tanning beds.
Ultraviolet light from the sun and tanning beds causes skin cancer and wrinkling.
- When sun’s rays are the strongest between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
Wear Protective Clothing
- Long-sleeved shirt and pants.
- A wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses.
Generously Apply Sunscreen
- Use a broad spectrum sunscreen with Sun Protection Factor (SPF) 30 or higher for protection from ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation.
- Apply 15 minutes before going outdoors and reapply every two hours.
Use Extra Caution Near Water, Snow, and Sand
- These surfaces reflect the damaging rays of the sun, which can increase your chance of sunburn.
Get Vitamin D Safely
- Through a healthy diet.
- Take vitamin supplements.
Early detection of melanoma can save your life. Carefully examine all of your skin once a month. A new or changing spot should be evaluated.
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